Colloquium du CERMICS

Mitchell Luskin (University of Minnesota)

Lundi 17 octobre 2016 à 14h (Salle de séminaire du CERMICS)

Mathematical Modelling of Incommensurate Materials

Incommensurate materials are found in crystals, liquid crystals, and quasi-crystals. Stacking a few layers of 2D materials such as graphene and molybdenum disulfide, for example, opens the possibility to tune the elastic, electronic, and optical properties of these materials. One of the main issues encountered in the mathematical modeling of layered 2D materials is that lattice mismatch and rotations between the layers destroys the periodic character of the system. This leads to complex commensurate-incommensurate transitions and pattern formation. Even basic concepts like the Cauchy-Born strain energy density, the electronic density of states, and the Kubo-Greenwood formulas for transport properties have not been given a rigorous analysis in the incommensurate setting. New approximate approaches will be discussed and the validity and efficiency of these approximations will be examined from mathematical and numerical analysis perspectives.

Séminaire commun CERMICS/IMAGINE

Mardi 7 juin à 10h (Salle de séminaire du CERMICS)

10h : Mathieu Aubry (IMAGINE, École des Ponts ParisTech), Representing 3D models for matching and retrieving (abstract, slides),
11h : Francis Bach (Inria et ENS), Beyond stochastic gradient descent for large-scale machine learning (abstract, slides).

Emilie Kaufmann (CNRS)

Mercredi 30 mars 2016 à 14h (Salle de séminaire du CERMICS)

Multi-armed bandit models: a tutorial (slides)

Reinforcement learning refers to the situation in which an agent learns to optimaly interact with his environment by trying to maximize rewards received during the interaction. In the simplest case, the interaction consists in repeatedly choosing actions that lead to some (possibly random) payoff. This situation can be described by a multi-armed bandit model. Even if this name refers to a gambler who tries to maximize its gain by sequentially choosing the arm of which slot-machine (or one-armed bandit) he wants to draw, bandit models were introduced to model clinical trials, and have been recently successfully applied to online content optimization. In this tutorial, I will present different types of bandit models and related algorithms (for choosing which action to play based on past observation. Under each of these model assumptions, I will try to define some optimality criterion, and introduce the tools to build optimal algorithms.

Hugo Touchette (National Institute for Theoretical Physics)

Lundi 30 novembre 2015 à 14h (Salle de séminaire du CERMICS)

Théorie des grandes déviations : des mathématiques à la physique. (slides)

Cet exposé se veut un survol général de la théorie des grandes déviations et de ses applications en physique statistique. La première partie rappellera quelques sources intéressantes de cette théorie issues des mathématiques (Sanov, Varadhan) et de la physique (Boltzmann, Einstein, Lanford), et exposera les résultats essentiels de cette théorie. Dans la deuxième partie, quelques applications physiques seront présentées afin de démontrer l'utilité de la théorie des grandes déviations en physique statistique, tant pour étudier les systèmes à l'équilibre que hors équilibre. L'exposé ne supposera aucune connaissance préalable de physique statistique.